Paul writes the book of Romans under the reign of Emperor Nero (who would eventually have Paul executed), and in this chapter tells both Jews and Christians that despite their fear of persecution, they were to subject themselves to the governing authorities. Why? Because those who are in authority over us were appointed and established by God. He is ultimately in charge. He is the one who’s really in authority. We need to trust that He is the ultimate King of Kings, and by subjecting ourselves to those in authority over us, we are subjecting ourselves to Him.