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This week we cover the demise of the Northern Kingdom and the prophetic warning to the South. Micah and Isaiah were contemporaries during the time of the Assyrian invasion of the Northern Kingdom of Israel and cautioned the South regarding their similarities to the Northern Kingdom. Hezekiah will be a focal point of the 2 Kings text as we watch both his reform and compromise.
See 2 Kings.
Isaiah, son of Amoz.
circa 700 B.C.
God’s Call to Reason
This is God's call to Judah, who is rebelling against God, whose judgment and captivity are coming and who will later be rescued by God.
Isaiah’s name means “the Lord saves.” He was a contemporary of Hosea and Micah and prophesied to Judah, although he did have some things to say to Israel as well. He prophesied during a very tumultuous time in Israel’s and Judah’s history. The nation was divided and the Northern Kingdom was deteriorating politically, spiritually and militarily; it fell to Assyria in 722 B.C. The Southern Kingdom withstood the Assyrian attack. Isaiah’s message was one of judgment, repentance and salvation, speaking loudly and clearly to Jew and Gentile alike.
© Dr. Rick Taylor
Micah of Moresheth.
Between approx. 757 and 686 B.C., because Micah prophesied during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. He had to have prophesied much of what is written before the fall of Israel in 722 B.C.
God’s Salvation is Sure
Salvation through the coming Shepherd-King is sure, in spite of Samaria and Jerusalem’s horrid sin and the judgment that is coming.
Micah’s name means “who is like YHWH.” His messages were to both Jerusalem (Judah) and Samaria (Israel), and the book is likely comprised of three separate prophecies that were delivered at different times and compiled into one book with one message. He speaks of the future destruction and exile of all of Israel and Judah, and the eventual reuniting and peace for all the seed of Abraham. The elders of Jerusalem spoke very highly of him over 100 years later (Jeremiah 26:18).
© Dr. Rick Taylor
Resources for 2 Kings, Isaiah and Micah